Biology Degree Jobs

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If you look under the microscope of employment options, you will find a variety of biology degree jobs that can grow into lucrative positions. The education and preparation needs for a specific job, whether it is in a medical, industrial, or government setting, only depends on the details you learn about it. Explore the details of each scientific position, what a biology degree gives you, and whether it is worth getting.

What Is a Biology Degree?

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In its simplest terms, biology is the study of life, and gaining a degree in it explores the parts of living systems — growth, function, development, and more. Students of biology learn how evolution and genes act as the building block of cells, and by extension the plants and animals you see every day. There are several specialized disciplines that eventually lead to different biology degree jobs.

More Than One Way to Graduate

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It is worth mentioning that there are many popular jobs that exist that work on either side of the educational spectrum. Doctors gain additional help from multiple kinds of medical professionals who have certificates or an associate degree. Conversely, even the most experienced scientists in biology degree jobs have acquired post-graduate degrees or certifications to enhance their skills or boost their salaries. It is all a matter of where you want to take your education.

Is There a Need for It?

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Any ambitious person looking for a scientific-backed position will see that most well-paid biology degree jobs will ask for substance in their educational background. That means if they are applying for a particular job (say, biochemistry), they should have substantial academic experience in cell biology, organic chemistry, and all the required courses.

Many science jobs also push for real-world experience, which can be provided by a well-designed biology degree program. A potential employer always wants to know where you have worked in the past or about your familiarity with lab equipment. The chances of employment greatly increase if you have a biology degree and one that includes experience. That is why a lab internship either in your school department or somewhere else will be beneficial.

The Best Uses for the Degree

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There is a professional life to a biology degree that reaches further than the customary route of a job in medicine. The skills learned can be used equally in the private, government, and non-profit sectors, just as long as the duties of the biology degree jobs match what you have learned.

Pharmaceutical Sales Representative

It is worth mentioning that buying and selling important medical equipment and therapies is a business. Both the companies that manufacture them and the hospitals, schools, and private practices that have a need for them require people that link both worlds together. That is where sales representatives with a biology degree background have leverage over their coworkers who do not. It is a combination of years of scientific knowledge on subjects like biochemistry and organic molecular biology that will keep you in contact with hundreds of researchers, medical professionals, and manufacturers.

Genetic Counselor

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A patient who must make decisions about their genetic health needs the assistance of people with specialized training in it. Genetic counselors use their advanced biological training regarding the human genome and help interpret genetic data for patients.

This is important to explain and support patients on topics such as:

  • Inherited diseases
  • Effect of family/medical history on health
  • Whether a genetic test is right for them
  • Prenatal/preconception options
  • Guides for cancer

Genetic counselors normally work in hospitals and are linked to obstetricians and oncologists.

High School Teacher

A science teacher is one of those biology degree jobs that imparts the information they learned as a student to a new generation. It is more than simply reciting a daily lesson on cells and photosynthesis, but showing an enthusiasm in doing so. That spirited interaction between a science teacher and student, where they ask questions and the teacher answers within the constraints asked of them, shows the professionalism of the teacher. Any educator knows that biology is a complicated thing, and it is their duty to explain it, no matter how tough it gets.


Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and algae are some microbes that need to be analyzed by a specific kind of professional. Microbiologists fit that position by using their lab analysis experience and by monitoring microbial cultures using identification methods they have spent hours performing at school. They also use computer software that is designed for the job. Their job is important for planning clinical trials, developing new vaccines and medicines, writing research papers, and inspecting processes for possible contamination.

Artificial Insemination Technician

The delicate process of breeding livestock species requires additional responsibilities through insemination. That is the duty of a technician who must do more than handle the precise tools used to insert semen into female animals. After providing preliminary support to clients, they make sure the conditions are safe and sanitary for the animal. There is a high school degree minimum for this position, but it is considered one of many biology degree jobs due to the wide range of knowledge in animal sciences, anatomy, and chemistry you must have as part of the work.

Biological Technician/Research Assistant

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The name is a general phrase for a wide range of lab workers with a biology degree in a closely related field. They maintain and clean the supplies in work areas for all labs. Equipment is set up, adjusted, and calibrated thanks to the work of a biological technician. When needed, they will also conduct research, analyze experimental data, and interpret results for researchers when extra manpower is needed. Many times over they become the tech support for scientists and their sensitive equipment or in-house software.

Science Writer

A well-versed writer in any scientific subject needs to be a master of both the words and facts of the living world. They cover recent discoveries in publications — journals, magazines, blogs, social media platforms — in a way that is easily understandable to the common reader. There are two types of science writers: science journalists and science public information officers. The former write science-based content while not being connected to it, while the latter is connected to it in some form and are regularly in public relations.

Biomedical Engineer

Do not let the word “engineer” in the name of the position fool you, as it still remains one of the more interesting biology degree jobs that is seriously important in health care. It is the synthesis of engineering and biology for you to design and create medical equipment and devices that will enhance the therapeutic process. It does not always have to do with artificial hearts or limbs; biomedical engineers with computer science backgrounds have also mixed their biology experience in developing computer systems and software.

Occupational Health and Safety Specialist

The daunting number of government health codes and regulations requires employers to bring in a safety specialist that can analyze their work environments. They take samples and test them for chemical, physical, and biological agents that may cause disease or injury. The inspections they perform are done according to law and either for the public or private sector.

Conservation Scientist

People have a serious need to know how humans interact with the land we live on, and that is where a conservation scientist comes in. They help determine the best options in safeguarding the land and keeping it in its natural state. Conservation scientists examine soil and plant samples from forests and supervise their management. They are the ones that develop the strategies in reforestation efforts so they do the least environmental damage.

Food Scientist

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The agricultural needs of companies and products call on scientists that will help maintain the quality of their food supply. They conduct research and experiments using biology, chemistry, and specialized sciences to study every facet of food. Their techniques range from laboratory standard equipment to the most advanced, and as a student of biology, they must be experienced in both.

The ultimate goal of food science research is finding better ways to preserve, process, package, and distribute food. Some of these scientists work for agricultural companies while others take government jobs that enforce government safety regulations.

Vocational Jobs in Lieu of Biology Degree Jobs

If the idea of a full-term degree program does not appeal to you, the jobs that can come outside of that can still be fulfilling yet deliver a solid paycheck. Here is a list of some of them:

  • Dental hygienist
  • Medical laboratory technician
  • Pharmacy technician
  • Paramedic
  • Radiologic technologist
  • Phlebotomist


It does not matter if a scientist is in a large corporate setting, a university position, or in something more mid-range to freelance. As long as their choice of biology degree jobs provides them the ability to use the methods and experience gained from years of training, then it will be no problem to find the right position that fits their skill set.

Just having a biology degree can be the difference between unemployment and a steady salary that increases along with your life science skills. Lab coats, genetic tests, soil samples, and artificial hearts — with the right science background, any of these things can be at your fingertips, and you can get paid to use them.

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