Columbia University is among the world’s most essential centers of research and a distinctive and distinguished higher education that provides a learning environment for undergraduate and graduate students in several academic and professional fields. Situated in New York City, the university pursues to relate research and learning to the massive assets of the city. The university aspires to invite various and international faculty and student body, to sustain research and education on global issues, and to build educational relationships with several countries and regions. It assumes that all aspects of the university to improve learning and understanding at its peak and deliver products of its determinations to the world.
In 1704, the proposal of establishing a college in the Province of New York was initiated by Col. Lewis Morris. He composed a letter to the missionary arm of the Church of England, which is the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. The letter was urging the society to establish a college in New York City as it was the perfect community. On the other hand, this proposal was not granted since Princeton University was founded in New Jersey. In 1746, the general assembly of New York approved the act of raising funds for establishing a new college. The assembly appointed a commission that is comprised of ten New York residents in 1751. Seven out of the ten residents were members of the Church of England. The commission was formed to manage the funds accumulated by the state lottery towards the foundation of a college.
In July 1754, the school started classes and it was headed by Dr. Samuel Johnson. He was the first instructor of the college’s first class with eight students in it. Dr. Johnson became the college’s first president. On October 31, 1754, the college was formally initiated as King’s College by the royal approval of King George II. In the succeeding years, the college underwent changes in the administration until 1776 when the American Revolution War broke out. Classes were suspended for eight years in King’s College until the coming of the Continental Army. However, classes were still suspended since the British troops occupied New York City until their exit in 1783.
The college turned to the State of New York after the revolution to bring back its vigor, capable to make whatever variations to the schools charter the state might demand. The government agreed to assist the college, and on May 1, 1784, it passed an act which changed the college name to Columbia College to show the support for the New Republic. The Regents eventually found out the college’s defective constitution in February 1787; thus, appointing new committee. Two months later, the college adopted the new commission and presently they have been using it, to grant power to a private Board of 24 Trustees. On May 21 of the same year, William Samuel Johnson, son of Dr. Samuel Johnson has been elected (unanimously) as the President of the college. Before he served Columbia College, he participated in the First Continental Congress and one of the chosen representatives to the Constitutional Convention. Early 1790s, New York City became a federal and state capital under consecutive Federalist governments and a recovered Columbia prospered through the support of Federalists. On the commencement of the College in May 6, 1789, President George Washington and Vice President John Adams attended to demonstrate tribute of honor to the numerous alumni of the school that took part in the American Revolution.
In the 19th century, more of the College’s transformation happened, from the enrollment, structure, to academics. It was in this time that the College’s Investments in New York real estate became its main source of stable earnings for the school due to the rapid growth of the population.
The college was renamed Columbia University in 1896 by the trustees, which is formally known as Columbia University in the City of New York. In the same year, the university president transferred the campus to its current location. Columbia University rapidly developed as the nation’s major institution for research, establishing the “multiversity” that would be used by later universities.
Several changes happened in the university in the succeeding years as the World War II erupted. Manhattan project were started by the college’s faculty members. it was in 1960 that large student activism occurred in Columbia. Hundreds of students took different buildings in the campus; thus, it resulted to the resignation of the university’s President Grayson Kirk and the formation of the University Senate. In 1983, Columbia University first enrolled women during the fall.
Columbia University today has 24, 230 enrollees with an overall graduation rate of 93%. The university functions as a private, not for-profit institution. It is the oldest university in the state of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and among America’s nine Colonial College founder prior to the American Revolution. Columbia University has its main campus in Manhattan, New York City and has four foreign global centers, which are in Amman, Jordan; Beijing, China; Paris, France; and Mumbai, India.
Columbia University Credentials
Columbia University is a recognized institution of higher learning by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education. The university passed the commission’s Self-Study accrediting program. Columbia University is among the Ivy League.
Columbia, being a center of research, has achieved academic excellence. This is evidently shown in its rankings and research and inventions. Provided below are few of the achievements that the university has attained:
- 8th in ARWU World
- 7th in ARWU National
- 13th in Forbes
- 11th QS World
- 18th Times Higher Education
- 4th in US News and World Report
Researches and Inventions
- First North American location where Uranium atom split.
- Birthplace of FM radio and laser.
- DimistrisAnastassiou, a university professor of electrical engineering developed the MPEG-2 algorithm of transmitting high quality audio and video over limited bandwidth.
- The usage of Green Flourescent Protein (GFP) in labeling cells in complete organism was first introduced by Biologist Martin Chalfie.
How to Get Into Columbia University
You can get to know more of Columbia University programs by visiting the link provided. Further information, requirements, and instruction are also posted. http://www.columbia.edu/content/admissions.html
Columbia University in New York City Specializations
Through this degree, an individual’s drawing skills is enhanced. Students are introduced to the modern methods of illustration. A student’s professional portfolio is being created, which is needed to succeed in this field of work. You can also choose which area you would like to concentrate in, like advertising, children’s book illustrations or even medical illustration.
A degree holder in Illustration can work as a cartoonist, animator, commercial illustrator, character designer, digital illustrator and book cover illustrator. Further studies like a Master’s degree is qualified for promotions and higher job positions.
In 2008, Illustration degree holders earned on average $42,000 yearly; on the other hand, if you opt as a freelance illustrator, one can have higher earning, depending on the reputation and personal work experience.
An individual can acquire a degree in Illustration in different degree levels. Associate degree can be finished within 2 years, Bachelor degree within 4 years, and a Master degree would take an additional of 2 to 4 years.
The degree in Journalism develops an individual’s skills in communication, basic numerical and statistical skills.
Choosing a degree in Journalism would allow students to work in a print or broadcasting journalism and other media related-positions. They can seek employment in TV or radio stations, newspapers and magazines, or in video production. Usual careers of a Journalism graduate include editor, photo journalist, corporate communication writer, freelance writer, copywriter, news writer, correspondent, news analyst, production assistant, reporter, columnist, staff writer, television news anchor, investigative journalist and broadcast journalist.
The average earnings of a graduate in Journalism range from $34,000 to about $54,000 annually. Job position, company, educational attainment and experience would matter in the salary rate.
The focus of the Mathematics degree is on numbers, numerical systems, and mathematical symbols. Basic and advanced Mathematics is significant to different fields like science, business, economics, and research.
Career opportunities that are available for a Mathematics degree graduate include Actuary, Financial Advisor, Statistician, Financial Analyst, Mathematician, Budget Analyst, and Accountant. The educational attainment of the graduate is also an additional factor for career opportunities since the higher educational attainment, more job options are available. With these careers, a graduate of Mathematics degree can earn on average $60,000 to $100,000 yearly. The salary, on the other hand, depends on the company, job position, educational attainment, and in certain cases, experience would also matter.
It takes almost eight years to finish a degree in Mathematics if a student would enroll from Bachelor to the Doctorate degree level. An Associate takes two years and Bachelor takes four years. Additional of two years and four years is needed to finish Master and Doctorate degrees in Mathematics.
A degree in Finance is suitable for students who want to study money flow and ways to increase funds and allot money as well as resources for a person or business. Students will learn financial theories and concepts. The business industry, particularly in the financial field would be the preferable area for a Finance graduate to work for.
A Finance degree holder can work as Financial Adviser, Financial Analyst, Financial Planner, Loan Officer, Credit Analyst, Financial Manager, and Investment Banker. The earnings of a Finance degree graduate is quite rewarding, they earn on average $30,000 to $150,000 yearly. On the other hand, the salary would depend on the company, job title, educational attainment, and experience.
The time spent in obtaining a degree in Finance is as short as two years and as long as four to eight years. A person can take the Associate within two years and Bachelor within four years. To those who want to pursue further study in Finance, it would take two years to finish the Masters and Doctorate within four years.
The degree program in History concentrates on the past development of societies, cultures, and institutions. Students who are taking this up is being taught how to read and analyze antique and historical works with vital observation and realization of the different resources, exhibit knowledge of the development, and cultural diversity of their particular field of study.
A History degree graduate are can find employment in the fields of business, law, education, and media. Their common career options are Historian, Teacher, Politician, Lawyer, Journalist, Researcher/writer, and tour guide. The average annual salary of a History graduate ranges from $35,000 to $80,000.
The undergraduate programs in History degree are attainable within two to four years. An additional two to four years is needed to finish graduate programs in this degree.
Other Courses/Degrees Offered at Columbia University
Columbia University offers various academic programs. They are also providing distance-learning or an individual can pursue a program online. You can check the link provided to know more.http://www.columbia.edu/content/academics.html
Contact Columbia University
Columbia University in New York City – Morning Side Campus (Main)
116th and Broadway, New York,